We can manage in different types a way:
When management is reviewed as a process, planning is the first function performed by a manager. The work of a manager begins with the setting of objectives of the organization and goals in each area of the business. This is done through planning.
Organizing involves determining activities needed to fulfil the objectives, grouping these activities into manageable units or departments, and assigning such groups of activities to managers. Delegation of authority creates an organization. It determines the authority-responsibility relationship. These relationships must be properly coordinated to secure the unity of the organization.
Staffing involves filling positions needed in the organization structure by appointing competent and qualified persons for the jobs. This needs man-power planning and manpower management. We have scientific selection and training of personnel. We have to provide suitable methods of remuneration and performance appraisal.
Some management experts prefer leading in place of directing particularly under democratic managerial set up. The function of leading has been termed motivating, directing, guiding, teaching, stimulating and actuating. This managerial function is directly concerned with the human factors of an organization.
Manager by leadership and motivation has to direct, lead and guide all subordinates and get the work done through people. Direction involves managers, managing workers and the work through the means of motivation, proper leadership, effective communication as well as co-ordination.
This managerial function is fully reflected when we define management as the art of getting things done willingly through and with other people.
Management is interested in two primary elements:
(1) Things, i.e. material resources and
(2) Men and women, i.e., human resources.
A thing is subject to the laws of mechanics and it is susceptible to scientific or machine like treatment. But human beings cannot be subjected to scientific or machine like treatment. However, through the power of leadership and the science of co-operation, we can evolve a suitable method of integrating the interests of individuals and the organization. Motivating is inseparably intertwined with leadership.
Controlling is the last phase of the management process. Control is the process of measuring actual results or present performance, comparing those results to plans or some standard of performance, finding out the reason for deviations of actual from the desired result and taking corrective action when necessary.
The corrective action may lead to a change in the method of implementation of the plan or change in the plan itself or even a change in the objectives. Usually, our desired performance standards are the objectives, policies, programmers, procedures and budgets. A good plan assures effective control.
Feel free to contact Jitesh Gadhia for a Mentoring for Management Session.